1610 Geneva Bible ( Judas Bible )
Title: Bible, Geneva "Judas Bible"
Extended Title: The Bible that is, The Holy Scriptures conteined in the Old and New Testament. Bound with 1611(?) Barker edition of The Book of Common Prayer (Griffiths 1611/3?). Also includes 1610 Company of Stationers edition of the Sternhold/Hopkins metrical Psalms with letterpress music (STC 2533).
Publisher: Robert Barker, London
Year: 1610 (colophon dated 1611)
Collation: , 190; 181 [i. e., 196]; 121,  leaves. 3 parts in one volume.
Size: 8vo in height, quarto in production style; small quarto.
Binding: Bound in 19th Century full-leather (paneled calf) with slightly raised spine. Narrow tooled borders on both covers and on spine. Morocco title band also on spine, light reddish in color with gilt text on both title band and at lower portion of spine, bearing the words “HOLY BIBLE” and “1610” respectively. Spine somewhat faded. Very edges of covers tooled also (but with light wear), corners have some wear and are bent in at very edges, and inside cover edges are tooled with the same pattern as the cover edges. Light wear along external joints.
Description: General and New Testament titles within woodcut historiated border showing the Evangelists, the Apostles, and the arms of the 12 Tribes of Israel; woodcut text illustrations and maps. Marginal notes throughout text. Red page edges and marbled endpapers. Double-column text, Roman type.
Inscriptions: None notable, scattered owners’ inscriptions and signatures, antique.
Condition & Defects: Pages generally good but with marginal fingersoiling through most of volume – some soiling and browning at margins, pages generally toned overall but readable, some small scattered spots of foxing or browning which do not generally obscure text. Page defects include A1 (beginning of Genesis) torn in lower outer corner with text loss, H6-K2 supplied from a slightly shorter copy, New Testament title reinforced in blank outer margin, small burn holes in 3G1 and 3G4 affecting a few words. Book of Common Prayer missing first 22 leaves, Metrical Psalms lacking last 11 leaves, and has some bends, torn corners, and marginal repairs to the final portion of its pages, generally not affecting text.
History & Reference: Geneva-Tomson-Junius version. With the misprint "Judas" for "Jesus" in John 6:67. Herbert 306; STC 2212.
History: With the onset of persecution by English Queen “Bloody Mary” (Mary I) against Protestants in the 1550s, many fled to Geneva to practice their faith free of fear and persecution. Among such Protestants were Myles Coverdale and John Knox, as well as noted Reformer and theologian John Calvin, and others. Several of these Protestants, including Myles Coverdale, William Whittingham (Calvin’s brother-in-law), and John Knox, worked on a version of the English Bible which was named after its home city – the Geneva Bible. This Bible became one of the most historically notable English Bibles to be issued prior to the King James Version. It was translated from the original Biblical languages of Hebrew and Greek, and was a Bible of many firsts – the first to divide chapters into numbered verses, and the first to add study notes. Many of these notes were written by John Calvin, and would later be criticized for their Calvinistic or distinctively Reformed doctrine. It was also printed in a more manageable size, good for personal study and carrying. This Bible was first published in 1560, and in 1576 would also be published in England – the very land from which the Reformers had originally fled two decades earlier. Not only was this Bible significant at the time of its printing, but it would also be used by other historically significant figures. William Shakespeare alone quotes from it over five thousand times. It was also the Bible of the Pilgrims, as they sailed the Mayflower to the New World, once again in search of religious freedom. It became nicknamed the “Breeches Bible” for its rendering of Genesis 3:7, in which Adam and Eve make clothes for themselves: “...And the eyes of them both were opened and they knew that they were naked, and they sewed fig tree leaves together and made themselves Breeches.” The Geneva Bible would remain England’s most popular Bible until the early 1600s, when the newly translated 1611 King James Version resulted in a ban against other English versions of the Bible, in favor of one commonly-used one. Still, throughout its decades of popularity, the Geneva Bible achieved notoriety eclipsed only by that of its successor, the King James Version, and made a lasting contribution to the form of our English Bibles today.